Navigating the 19th Century Charted Course–Victorian Style

Free People of Color in Georgia

Figure 1.
Free People of Color in Georgia
Cultivating Race by W. Jennison

Another approach in identifying a Georgia Heroine is to search where “free people of color” lived in Georgia (CSA) during the 19th Century.  After reading several primary sources, a book titled “Cultivating Race: The Expansion of Slavery in Georgia, 1750-1860” by Watson Jennison shed the most light about “free people of color” in Georgia.  See Figure 1.

  • In 1860, there were 3,500 free people of color in Georgia (CSA).

  • Most of the free people of color lived along the Atlantic coast and the Savannah River.

  • There were 386 in Augusta, Georgia’s free black population and 705 in Savannah, Georgia’s free black population.

  • The free people of color population in Columbus, Georgia reached 141 which was far more than the average of 24 free blacks in  each city of Macon and Atlanta.

Ironically, three of the women that I have featured on this BLOG lived in or near these surrounding areas:  Amanda Dickson (Augusta, GA), Frances King (near Columbus, Georgia), and Mathilda Beasley (Savannah, Georgia).  Because the majority of people know the history of slavery in Georgia, I have decided to concentrate my Civil War Living History on the less known 1860’s Free People of Color in Georgia (CSA).

Which Georgia Heroine I select to portray will be revealed soon…

Highlighting the good in humanity,
Ann DeWitt

Jennison, Watson W. Cultivating Race: The Expansion of Slavery in Georgia, 1750-1860.  Kentucky: The University press of Kentucky, 2012. Print.